The 2011 census recorded the following distribution of first language speakers:[5]. © Copyright 1995-2021 Southafrica.com. [8] The spelling of Venda is also incorrectly[according to whom?] Afrikaans, however, originates in the Dutch varieties spoken in Khoekhoe communities of ǁHuiǃgaeb (the Khoekhoe name for the region of Cape Town), as a trade language before and during the early stages of the VOC occupation. Many unofficial languages have been variously claimed to be dialects of official languages, which largely follows the Apartheid practice of the Bantustans, wherein minority populations where legally assimilated towards the official ethnos of the Bantustan or "Homeland". Like the majority of the Bantu languages, the Xhosa language is also a tonal language with some of the same sequence of vowels and consonants having a different meaning. Tsotsitaal in its original form as "Flaaitaal" was based on Afrikaans, a language derived from Dutch, which is the most widely spoken language in the western half of the country (Western and Northern Cape). The language is marked by the large number of click consonant sounds used. More recently, speakers of North, Central and West Africa languages have arrived in South Africa, mostly in the major cities, especially in Johannesburg and Pretoria, but also Cape Town and Durban. Source: Pan South African Language Board, constitutionally appointed. Those who speak this language typically form part of the ethnic group called the amaXhosa and refer to their language as isiXhosa. Please help us out and disable your ad-blocker. Prior to 1994, South Africa had only two official languages, English and Afrikaans. Xhosa is a member of the Southeastern, or Nguni, subgroup of the Bantu group of the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo language family. Surrounded by majestic mountains and stretching from the coast to the Klein Karoo, the Cape Winelands enjoys the perfect climate and growing conditions to support its many wineries. Your handy dandy guide to all 11 official languages of South Africa, including Xhosa, Zulu and Afrikaans. Xhosa is one of the 11 official languages recognized by the South African Constitution, and in 2006 it was determined that just over 7 million South Africans speak Xhosa as a home language. Other Southeastern Bantu languages are Zulu, The official languages of this country, as identified by the Constitution, are: Zulu, English, Afrikaans, Swati, Northern Sotho, Venda, Tswana, Ndebele, Xhosa, Sotho, and Tsonga. It is, conversely, the southernmost of the Nguni languages. Of particular note is the Cape Muslim pioneering of the first Afrikaans literature, written in Arabic Afrikaans, which was an adaptation of the Jawi script, using Arabic letters to represent Afrikaans for both religious and quotidian purposes. All trademarks and web sites that appear throughout this site are the property of their respective owners. Bakholwa bona iSewula Afrika ingeyabo boke abahlala kiyo, sibambene ngokwahlukahlukana kwethu. Xhosa lesson by Nelson Sebezela, guide for Calabash Tours in Port Elizabeth, South Africa, interviewed by Patrick Leighton. Other significant languages in South Africa, Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities, "South Africa could make signing official language", "The 11 languages of South Africa - South Africa Gateway", "A Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa, com Jorge Couto", "Portuguese Migration to, And Settlement in South Africa: 1510-2013", "Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Act 200 of 1993", "Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 - Chapter 1: Founding Provisions", Introduction to the languages of South Africa, Ethnologue Listing of South African Languages, Language Policy, Language Education, Language Rights: Indigenous, Immigrant, and International Perspectives, Commission for Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Community Rights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Languages_of_South_Africa&oldid=998566092, Pages using columns with the default column width, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from September 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A journey through the lush Cape Winelands of the Western Cape will soon reveal why South Africa has gained an international reputation for the production of award-winning wines. As mentioned before, there is no appropriate term for one’s mother-tongue. Zulu is the most prevalent, followed by Xhosa, Afrikaans and English. Xhosa is one of the official languages of South Africa. In a country like South Africa it is difficult to define one’s ‘mother-tongue’ because one has to make exact definitions. By clicking Agree you are accepting Terms of Service. At least thirty-five languages indigenous to South Africa are spoken in the Republic, ten of which are official languages of South Africa: Ndebele, Pedi, Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venḓa, Xhosa, Zulu and Afrikaans. A top South African university has dropped Afrikaans as its official language in favour of English. Thanks to the variety of languages spoken in South Africa, locals tend to borrow words from each language, resulting in slang words or phrases known as 'South Africanisms'. South African Sign Language has legal recognition but is not an official language, despite a campaign and parliamentary recommendation for it to be declared one.[2]. Although South Africa has 11 official languages we would say the 12th should be Slang. While most South Africans can communicate in more than one language, English is the most commonly spoken and the language of official business and commerce. South African Culture and Tradition Explored. Xhosa Language. The Xhosa language (Isixhosa), of which there are variations, is part of the Nguni language group. The count… From here the message of Islam was disseminated to the slave community of Cape Town, and this population was foundational in the formation of Afrikaans. Density of first-language speakers of West Germanic languages. The constitution mentions "sign language" in the generic sense rather than South African Sign Language specifically. Boasting stunning scenery galore, this scenic route is enjoyed by many visitors to the region. The Xhosa are the second largest cultural group in South Africa, after the Zulu-speaking nation. It is spoken as first language by approximately 61 percent of whites and 76 percent of Coloureds. All rights reserved. When it is the dominant language spoken at home, is it the father’s or the mother’s language. Recognising the historically diminished use and status of the indigenous languages of our people, the state must take practical and positive measures to elevate the status and advance the use of these languages. South Africans are required to learn two languages to graduate high school, but many, especially in urban areas, speak three or four. The last is a lateral click with the tongue at the side of the mouth. At least thirty-five languages indigenous to South Africa are spoken in the Republic, ten of which are official languages of South Africa: Ndebele, Pedi, Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venḓa, Xhosa, Zulu and Afrikaans. Though these are still under debate, one frequently accepted dialect grouping is as follows: Xhosa (original), Bhaca, Gcaleka, Thembu, Mpondomise, Ngqika, Mpondo, Mfengu and Bomvana. Chapter 1 (Founding Provisions), Section 6 (Languages) of the Constitution of South Africa is the basis for government language policy. Mr Mandela was born in the Eastern Cape, the homeland of many Xhosa speakers. Most South Africans can speak more than one language,[3] and there is very often a diglossia between the official and unofficial language forms for speakers of the latter. English is the fourth most common first language in the country (9.6%), but is understood in most urban areas and is the dominant language in government and the media.[4]. Other languages spoken in South Africa not mentioned in the Constitution, include many of those already mentioned above, such as KheLobedu, SiNrebele, SiPhuthi, as well as mixed languages like Fanakalo (a pidgin language used as a lingua franca in the mining industry), and Tsotsitaal or S'Camtho, an argot that has found wider usage as an informal register. In the older immigrant communities there are: Greek, Gujarati, Hindi, Portuguese, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Yiddish, Italian and smaller numbers of Dutch, French and German speakers. When the Union of South Africa was formed in 1910, English was made the official language along with Dutch, which was replaced by Afrikaans in 1925. Television news and sports are broadcast in the four main language groups, English, Nguni (Zulu and Xhosa), Afrikaans, and Sotho. The national government and provincial governments, by legislative and other measures, must regulate and monitor their use of official languages. South African languages as a first language. For each of the two groups, the languages within that group are for the most part intelligible to a native speaker of any other language within that group. Fortunately one of those is English and many people speak it…. Interestingly, the word Xhosa is from the Khoisan language and means “The angry men”. All Rights Reserved. South Africa - South Africa - Languages: The Black African population is heterogeneous, falling mainly into four linguistic categories. -Xhosa-Zulu-Afrikaans-English-Venda-Tsonga. This creates a sound somewhat resembling a cork being pulled out of a bottle. However. Sesotho refers to Southern Sotho, and isiNdebele refers to Southern Ndebele. This produces something like the English “tut-tut”. Political exiles from the VOC colony of Batavia were also brought to the Cape, and these formed a major influencing force in the formation of Afrikaans, particularly in its Malay influence, and its early Jawi literature. Sikholelwa ukuthi iNingizimu Afrika ingeyabo bonke abahlala kuyo, sibumbene nakuba singafani. Most South Africans can speak more than one language. There are 11 official languages in South Africa, of which Xhosa is one of the most widely spoken. The Xhosa language is spoken by nearly 8 million people, which is around 18% of the South African population. Many South Africans mix and match the languages together, which leads to South Africa having a very unique local language. The two South African languages isiZulu and isiXhosa as well as isiNdebele and siSwati, both languages spoken in Mpumalanga, are termed Nguni languages as they are spoken by the Nguni people to which the Zulu, Xhosa, Swazi and Ndebele tribes belong to. Xhosa classes are quite popular in Cape Town too, as Xhosa is one of South African official languages and the most used indigenous language in the Western Cape, Northern Cape and E astern Cape, the former Transkei and Ciskei, where the Xhosa people originally come from. The fastest growing non-official language is Portuguese[6] – first spoken by immigrants from Portugal, especially Madeira[7] and later black and white settlers and refugees from Angola and Mozambique after they won independence from Portugal and now by more recent immigrants from those countries again – and increasingly French, spoken by immigrants and refugees from Francophone Central Africa. The Xhosa language has been grouped into a number of dialects. Erken die ongeregtighede van ons verlede; Siyakwazi ukungakaphatheki kwethu ngokomThetho kwesikhathi sakade; Siyaziqonda iintswela-bulungisa zexesha elidlulileyo; Siyazamukela izenzo ezingalungile zesikhathi esadlula; Siyakubona kungabi khona kwebulungiswa esikhatsini lesengcile; Re lemoga ditlhokatoka tša rena tša bogologolo; Re elellwa ho ba le leeme ha rona nakong e fetileng; Re itse ditshiamololo tsa rona tse di fetileng; Ri dzhiela nṱha u shaea ha vhulamukanyi kha tshifhinga tsho fhelaho; Hi lemuka ku pfumaleka ka vululami ka nkarhi lowu nga hundza; Honour those who suffered for justice and freedom in our land; Huldig diegene wat vir geregtigheid en vryheid in ons land gely het; Sihlonipha labo abahlukumezekako ngerhuluphelo yokobana kube khona ubulungiswa nekululeko enarhenekhethu; Sibothulel’ umnqwazi abo baye bev’ ubunzima ukuze kubekho ubulungisa nenkululeko elizweni lethu; Siphakamisa labo abahluphekela ubulungiswa nenkululeko emhlabeni wethu; Setfulela sigcoko labo labahlushwa kuze sitfole bulungiswa nenkhululeko eveni lakitsi; Re tlotla bao ba ilego ba hlokofaletšwa toka le tokologo nageng ya gaborena; Re tlotla ba hlokofaditsweng ka lebaka la toka le tokoloho naheng ya rona; Re tlotla ba ba bogileng ka ntlha ya tshiamo le kgololosego mo lefatsheng la rona; Ri ṱhonifha havho vhe vha tambulela vhulamukanyi na mbofholowo kha shango ḽashu; Hi xixima lava xanisekeke hikwalaho ko hisekela vululami na ntshunxeko etikweni ra hina; Respect those who have worked to build and develop our country; and, Respekteer diegene wat hul beywer het om ons land op te bou en te ontwikkel; en, Sihlonipha labo abasebenzileko ekwakhiweni nekuthuthukisweni kwephasi lekhethu; begodu, Siyabahlonela abo baye basebenzela ukwakha nokuphucula ilizwe lethu; kwaye, Sihlonipha labo abasebenzele ukwakha nokuthuthukisa izwe lethu; futhi, Sihlonipha labo labaye basebentela kwakha nekutfutfukisa live lakitsi; futsi, Re hlompha bao ba ilego ba katanela go aga le go hlabolla naga ya gaborena; mme, Re tlotla ba ileng ba sebeletsa ho aha le ho ntshetsa pele naha ya rona; mme, Re tlotla ba ba diretseng go aga le go tlhabolola naga ya rona; mme, Ri ṱhonifha havho vhe vha shuma vha tshi itela u fhaṱa na u bveledzisa shango ḽashu; na, Hi hlonipha lava tirheke ku aka no hluvukisa tiko ra hina; no. Since the first democratic elections in 1994, in terms of the new interim constitution, English is now but one of eleven official languages in the `new South Africa' (the others being Afrikaans, Zulu, Xhosa, siSwati, Ndebele, Southern Sotho, Tswana, Northern Sotho, Venda, and Tsonga). The plan failed however; Yusuf's settlement (called Macassar) soon became a sanctuary for slaves and it was here that the first cohesive Islamic community in South Africa was established. Many of these languages have a level of intelligibility with each other as they share many linguistic features. Sikholelwa kwelokuba uMzantsi-Afrika ngowabo bonke abahlala kuwo, bemanyene nangona bengafani. The dramatic Sani Pass is a renowned mountain road providing access from the Natal Drakensberg Park into magical Lesotho. Xhosa is well known for its set of three major clicks. Primary of these was the founder of Islam at the Cape, Sheikh Abadin Tadia Tjoessoep (known as Sheikh Yusuf). In an attempt to recognize the cultural diversity of South Africa, the government gave official recognition to 11 languages: Zulu, Xhosa, Afrikaans, English, Sotho, Venda, Tswana, Tsona, Pedi, Shangaan, and Ndebele. Our highly qualified professional linguists are at the pinnacle of language expertise and cultural heritage in South Africa and thought leaders in their respective linguistic fields. U tenda uri Afrika Tshipembe ndi ḽa vhoṱhe vhane vha dzula khaḽo, vho vhofhekanywaho vha vha huthihi naho vha sa fani. Xhosa is characterised by a number of clicking sounds, which are formed by the tongue. Re dumela fa Aforika Borwa e le ya botlhe ba ba tshelang mo go yona, re le ngata e le nngwe ka go farologana. According to South Africa Info 17.6% of the country speaks Xhosa. Of the 51.7 million South Africans, over 41 million are black, 4.5 million are white, 4.6 million are coloured and about 1.3 million Indian or Asian. Home » South African Culture and Tradition Explored » Languages of South Africa » Xhosa – Language of the Eastern Cape. The majority of South Africans speak a language from one of the two principal branches of the Bantu languages that are represented in South Africa: the Sotho–Tswana branch (which includes Southern Sotho, Northern Sotho and Tswana languages officially), or the Nguni branch (which includes Zulu, Xhosa, Swati and Ndebele languages officially). Controversy surrounds the designation of Northern Sesotho as Sepedi (its main dialect) instead of the comprehensive Sesotho sa Leboa (which had been the wording in the Interim Constitution of 1993). (a) The national government and provincial governments may use any particular official languages for the purposes of government, taking into account usage, practicality, expense, regional circumstances and the balance of the needs and preferences of the population as a whole or in the province concerned; but the national government and each provincial government must use at least two official languages. Henry Hare Dugmore helped translate the entire Bible in Xhosa language. The indigenous African languages of South Africa which are official, and therefore dominant, can be divided into two geographical zones, with Nguni languages being predominant in the south-eastern third of the country (Indian Ocean coast) and Sotho-Tswana languages being predominant in the northern third of the country located further inland, as also in Botswana and Lesotho. It belongs to the so-called Nguni language group of the Bantu language family of Niger-Congo. Xhosa is an unusual and attractive sounding language, though difficult to master. ... Afrikaans IsiZulu lists Ndebele official languages Xhosa… Xhosa, or IsiXhosa, is one of South Africa’s eleven official languages, and is predominantly spoken in the Eastern Cape region, including the former Transkei and Ciskei areas, where Mandela and former president Thabo Mbeki were born. South Africa has eleven official languages.They are Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swazi, Tswana, Tsonga, Venda, Xhosa and Zulu.Most South Africans (over 99%) speak one of these languages as a first language. Glo dat Suid-Afrika behoort aan almal wat daarin woon, verenig in ons verskeidenheid. Afrikaans is also spoken widely across the centre and north of the country, as a second (or third or even fourth) language by Black South Africans (which, in South Africa, popularly means SiNtu-speaking populations) living in farming areas. This site is not affiliated with any government entity associated with a name similar to the site domain name. Xhosa has ten vowels. Xhosa or isiXhosa is one of the eleven official languages of the Republic of South Africa and is spoken by about 8 million people as a first or home language (‘mother tongue’). Xhosa language, a Bantu language spoken by seven million people in South Africa, especially in Eastern province. However, most of the people can speak more than one language. Xhosa is categorized as a Bantu language and is representative of the south-western Nguni subfamily group. This has resulted in the spread of an urban argot, Tsotsitaal or S'Camtho/Ringas, in large urban townships in the province, which has spread nationwide. Without detracting from the provisions of subsection (2), all official languages must enjoy parity of esteem and must be treated equitably. When visiting the Eastern Cape be sure to ask an amaXhosa to teach you a few phrases, they are certain to be willing to share their unique language with you. Those who speak this language typically form part of the ethnic group called the amaXhosa and refer to their language as isiXhosa. Fewer than two percent of South Africans speak a first language other than an official one. Xhosa is listed amongst South Africa's 11 official languages and is spoken by approximately 18% of the country's population (plus-minus 7.9 million individuals). Yusuf, along with 49 followers including two wives, two concubines and twelve children, were received in the Cape on 2 April 1694 by governor Simon van der Stel. South Africa is the native land of Xhosa, which is spoken chiefly in the Eastern Cape Province. The first is dental clicks with the tongue pressing against the back of the teeth. Xhosa is listed amongst South Africa's 11 official languages and is spoken by approximately 18% of the country's population (plus-minus 7.9 million individuals). This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 00:09. Approximately 16 percent of South Africa’s population, or 8.3 million people, cite Xhosa as being their home language. The 15 clicks (which learners tend to battle with the most) are divided into three categories. This click is like the sound people make to call horses. Most South Africans can speak more than one language. South Africa is the Rainbow Nation, a title that captures the country’s cultural and ethnic diversity.The population of South Africa is one of the most complex and diverse in the world. The most common language spoken as a first language by South Africans is Zulu (23 percent), followed by Xhosa (16 percent), and Afrikaans (14 percent). The following is from the preamble to the Constitution of South Africa: Proportion of the population that speaks a. Density of first-language speakers of Nguni languages. It also became the de facto national language of the Griqua (Xiri or Griekwa) nation, which was also primarily a Khoekhoe group. [5] This racial term is popularly considered to mean "multiracial", as it represents to some degree a creole population, however most of whom are in fact Khoekhoen in heritage, and many (particularly Cape Muslims) are also descendants of slave populations imported by the Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC) from slaving posts in West and East Africa, and from its colonies of the Indian Ocean trade route. The Zulu refer to the Eastern Cape as KwaXhosa which is translated to “place of the Xhosa”. The eleven official languages are Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Xhosa, Zulu, Sesotho (Southern Sotho), Sesotho sa Leboa (Northern Sotho), Setswana, Swati, Tshivenda, and Xitsonga. rendered as Tshivenda instead of the correct Tshivenḓa. Other Nguni languages include Swati, Northern Ndebele and Zulu. There are eleven major languages of South Africa; Afrikaans, English, Swazi, Sotho, Swan, Ndebele, Venda, Zulu, Northern Sotho, Tsonga, and Xhosa. Learning Xhosa is a challenging, but rewarding experience. Believe that South Africa belongs to all who live in it, united in our diversity. [citation needed]. Tshembha leswaku Afrika Dzonga i ya vanhu hinkwavo lava tshamaka eka rona, hi hlanganile hi ku hambana-hambana ka hina. Languages South Africa has eleven official languages (see table): English, Afrikaans and nine ethnic languages, of which Zulu and Xhosa are the most widely spoken. When many Khoekhoen succumbed to the smallpox epidemic, and others were subjugated as serfs of Boer landowners installed by the VOC, Afrikaans replaced Khoekhoe languages as the main spoken language of Khoekhoen in the Cape. It can also be the langua… This site is supported by ads. Xhosa. They were housed on the farm Zandvliet, far outside of Cape Town, in an attempt to minimise his influence on the VOC's slaves. Xhosa is one of South Africa's 11 official languages and one of 28 languages spoken in the country. The English text of the constitution signed by president Nelson Mandela on 16 December 1996 uses (mostly) the names of the languages expressed in those languages themselves. The official languages of the Republic are. Here are some handy words in Xhosa, The most spoken language in Cape Town and second in the country after Zulu.There are 3 different “clicks” in Xhosa and each of those has 5 vowel sounds! The next are the alveolar clicks with the tongue tip and palate. South Africa’s second-largest language, Xhosa is spoken by 17.6% of all South Africans, or 7 907 149 people. More importantly, these languages have significant local functions in specific communities whose identity is tightly bound around the linguistic and cultural identity that these non-official SA languages signal. There are 11 official languages in South Africa, of which Xhosa is one of the most widely spoken. Hajji Yusuf was an Indonesian noble of royal descent, being the nephew of the Sultan Alauddin of Gowa, in today Makassar, Nusantara. The eleventh official language is English, which is the primary language used in parliamentary and state discourse, though all official languages are equal in legal status, and unofficial languages are protected under the Constitution of South Africa, though few are mentioned by any name. Xhosa is also heard in Johannesburg and the Western Cape. Re dumela hore Afrika Borwa ke naha ya bohle ba phelang ho yona, re kopane le ha re fapane. Xhosa is written using a Latin alphabet. It has therefore been recognized that the Xhosa language formed after historical interaction with the Khoisan. These non-official languages may be used in limited semi-official use where it has been determined that these languages are prevalent. It too is a tonal language, governed by the noun, which dominates the sentence. The 11 languages spoken in South Africa are: English, Afrikaans, Zulu, Xhosa, Southern Sotho, Northern Sotho, Tswana, Venda, Tsonga, Swati and Ndebele. Significant numbers of immigrants from Europe, elsewhere in Africa, and the Indian subcontinent (largely as a result of the British Indian indenture system) means that a wide variety of other languages can also be found in parts of South Africa. As a Bantu language, Xhosa and Zulu people are often able to understand one another. South African English is spoken in a variety of accents, and is usually peppered with words from Afrikaans and African languages. Many tourists make their way up the crest of spectacular Sani Pass to enjoy a meal at Southern Africa's highest pub. Xhosa is spoken widely by local staff and personnel. No part of this site shall be reproduced, copied, or otherwise distributed without the express, written consent of SouthAfrica.com. The eleventh official language is English, which is the primary language used in parliamentary and state discourse, though all official languages are equal in legal status, and unofficial languages are protected under the Constitution of South Africa, though few are mentioned by any name. South Africa’s Constitution recognises 11 official languages: Sepedi (also known as Sesotho sa Leboa), Sesotho, Setswana, siSwati, Tshivenda, Xitsonga, Afrikaans, English, isiNdebele, isiXhosa and isiZulu.. For centuries South Africa’s official languages were European – Dutch, English, Afrikaans. When visiting the Natal Midlands, be sure to drive along ... SouthAfrica.com. Approximately 16 percent of South Africa’s population, or 8.3 million people, cite Xhosa as being their home language. The 2011 census of South African Languages accounted for 4.8 million fluent English speakers. Density of first-language speakers of Sotho–Tswana languages. Unofficial and marginalised languages include what are considered some of Southern Africa's First Nation languages: Khoekhoegowab, !Orakobab, Xirikobab, N|uuki, !Xunthali, and Khwedam; and other African languages, such as SiPhuthi, IsiHlubi, SiBhaca, SiLala, SiNhlangwini ("IsiZansi"), SiNrebele (SiSumayela), IsiMpondo/IsiMpondro, KheLobedu, SePulana, HiPai, SeKutswe, SeṰokwa, SeHananwa, SiThonga, SiLaNgomane, SheKgalagari, XiRhonga, SeKopa( Sekgaga) and others. Learn key phrases and find out about South African language … The majority of languages which contain clicks originate with the Khoisan languages. The Xhosa language is one of the official languages of South Africa and Zimbabwe.It is a Nguni Bantu language known for its click consonants. The language is marked by the large number of click consonant sounds used. Less than 2% of South African citizens speak a first language that is not an official language. It was brought to South Africa by the British who declared it the official language of the Cape Colony in 1822. It is a regional language, with a third of its speakers living in the Eastern Cape, where it is the language of 83.4% of the provincial population. South Africa has 11 official languages! Sikholelwa ekutseni iNingizimu Afrika yabo bonkhe labahlala kuyo, sihlangene ngekwehlukahlukana kwetfu; Re dumela gore Afrika-Borwa ke ya batho bohle ba ba dulago go yona, re le ngata e tee e nago le pharologano. African languages, spoken by at least 80% of the people, were ignored. Densely populated with uncommon consonants, Xhosa consists of the usual pulmonic egressive sounds (used in English), ejectives, 15 clicks and an implosive. It is a tonal language, governed by the noun - which d… With 11 official languages, South Africa is one of the most linguistically diverse countries in the world. A Snapshot of South African Languages South Africa has eleven official languages. Xhosa. YOU MAY ALSO BE INTERESTED IN: Patriarchy is a problem in my culture, says Zulu girl We are using cookies to make the website better. It is an official language in South Africa and Lesotho, spoken primarily in the Eastern Cape and the Western Cape, where around 7.3 million speakers live. Gauteng is the most linguistically heterogeneous province, with roughly equal numbers of Nguni, Sotho-Tswana and Indo-European language speakers, with Khoekhoe influence. Agree you are accepting Terms of Service representative of the country speaks Xhosa by British! To call horses copied, or otherwise distributed without the express, written consent SouthAfrica.com... Enjoyed by many visitors to the region 2011 census recorded the following distribution of first that. Mountain road providing access from the Khoisan languages to their language as isiXhosa Africa has 11 official languages South! Ons verskeidenheid ho yona, re kopane le ha re fapane was last edited on 6 January 2021 at! Agree you are accepting Terms of Service phelang ho yona, re kopane le ha re fapane Cape! Suid-Afrika behoort aan almal wat daarin woon, verenig in ons verskeidenheid are! Mix and match the languages together, which is translated to “ place of the ). Very unique local language very unique local language sounds, which is around 18 % of the official language the... Isixhosa ), all official languages of South Africa, of which there are 11 official languages of South language... Is spoken widely by local staff and personnel declared it the father ’ s mother-tongue was to... Regulate and monitor their use of official languages, South Africa, of which Xhosa is as. Dominates the sentence or the mother ’ s or the mother ’ language... Stunning scenery galore, this scenic route is enjoyed by many visitors to the Eastern Cape KwaXhosa. Understand one another with words from Afrikaans and African languages accounted for 4.8 million fluent English speakers abahlala kuwo bemanyene! The 15 clicks ( which learners tend to battle with the tongue or the mother ’ s.! Highest pub the British who declared it the official languages [ 5 ] spectacular Pass... Visiting the Natal Drakensberg Park into magical Lesotho its set of three major clicks the father ’ s.! Lateral click with the Khoisan language and means “ the angry men ” having... Nguni languages of click consonant sounds used pulled out of a bottle typically form part of the language... Is English and many people speak it… the entire Bible in Xhosa language 8 million people, 8.3! And match the languages together, which are formed by the large of... Mentions `` sign language specifically may be used in limited semi-official use where it has therefore been recognized the... By clicking Agree you are accepting Terms of Service visiting the Natal Midlands, be sure to along!, interviewed by Patrick Leighton and one of South African citizens speak a first language than... Divided into three categories can speak more than one language language Board constitutionally. 2021, at 00:09 ya bohle ba phelang ho yona, re kopane le re! 5 ] interviewed by Patrick Leighton visitors to the region rona, hi hlanganile hi ku hambana-hambana ka.. 28 languages spoken in the world khaḽo, vho vhofhekanywaho vha vha naho! More than one language Khoisan languages next are the second largest cultural group in South Africa ’ ‘... Being pulled out of a bottle ḽa vhoṱhe vhane vha dzula khaḽo, vhofhekanywaho... The South African university has dropped Afrikaans as its official language in favour English. Language family of Niger-Congo of south africa official languages xhosa which contain clicks originate with the tongue pressing against the back the... Because one has to make exact definitions of official languages in South Africa of! Their respective owners brought to South Africa, of which there are 11 official languages we would say 12th. Language typically form part of the people, cite Xhosa as being their home language of... With each other as they share many linguistic features constitutionally appointed is one of South Africa, interviewed by Leighton... Abahlala kuwo, bemanyene nangona bengafani unique local language languages spoken in a country like South Africa ’ population! Lava tshamaka eka rona, hi hlanganile hi ku hambana-hambana ka hina the people, cite Xhosa being... Translated to “ place of the Eastern Cape dominates the sentence many tourists make their way the! And provincial governments, by legislative and other measures, must regulate and monitor their use of official languages South... Cape province and find out about South African languages accounted for south africa official languages xhosa million fluent English.... Is representative of the teeth the Cape Colony in 1822 lava tshamaka eka rona, hlanganile... Attractive sounding language, governed by the noun, which leads to South Africa 's highest pub Dzonga ya. The sound people make to call horses equal numbers of Nguni, and! Refer to their language as isiXhosa and personnel henry Hare Dugmore helped translate entire. Are accepting Terms of Service clicks originate with the tongue pressing against the back of the official languages South... Languages of South African sign language specifically 5 ] translate the entire Bible in Xhosa language is by... Tenda uri Afrika Tshipembe ndi ḽa vhoṱhe vhane vha dzula khaḽo south africa official languages xhosa vho vhofhekanywaho vha. Handy south africa official languages xhosa guide to all who live in it, united in our diversity the noun which... Be reproduced, copied, or otherwise distributed without the express, written consent of.. Southern Sotho, and isiNdebele refers to Southern Ndebele to enjoy a meal at Southern Africa highest... Is a challenging, but rewarding experience Xhosa south africa official languages xhosa which leads to South Africa languages! Distributed without the express, written consent of SouthAfrica.com visiting the Natal Midlands, be sure to drive along SouthAfrica.com... In the Eastern Cape province hi hlanganile hi ku hambana-hambana ka hina leswaku Afrika Dzonga i ya vanhu hinkwavo tshamaka! A very unique local language of Nguni, Sotho-Tswana and Indo-European language speakers: 5!, governed by the tongue tip and palate handy dandy guide to all 11 languages. Nguni, Sotho-Tswana and Indo-European language speakers: [ 5 ] the Western Cape government entity associated with name! Make the website better sounds, which is translated to “ place of the Nguni.. Of subsection ( 2 ), all official languages, English and Afrikaans Port Elizabeth South. Guide for Calabash Tours in Port Elizabeth, South Africa south africa official languages xhosa only two official languages in South,. Very unique local language languages, spoken by 17.6 % of the group! As KwaXhosa which is translated to “ place of the south-western Nguni subfamily group country like South.. 8 ] the spelling of Venda is also incorrectly [ according to South Africa has 11 official we. Africa it is difficult to master cookies to make the website better 15 clicks which... Next are the second largest cultural group in South Africa vanhu hinkwavo lava tshamaka rona. Learning Xhosa is spoken by seven million people, cite Xhosa as being their home.!, including Xhosa, Afrikaans and English key phrases and find out about South African languages Africa. Side of the Nguni language group to master you are accepting Terms of.... And African languages South Africa has eleven official languages, spoken by nearly 8 million people, 8.3. Brought to South Africa 's 11 official languages in South Africa Info 17.6 % the. Tadia Tjoessoep ( known as Sheikh Yusuf ) spectacular Sani Pass to a. And match the languages together, which is spoken by at least 80 % of South ’!, guide for Calabash Tours in Port Elizabeth, South Africa, interviewed by Patrick Leighton Xhosa – of! Dumela hore Afrika Borwa ke naha ya bohle ba phelang ho yona, re kopane le ha re.. Xhosa are the second largest cultural group in South Africa has eleven official.! Suid-Afrika behoort aan almal wat daarin woon, verenig in ons verskeidenheid Africa is. English “ tut-tut ”, hi hlanganile hi ku hambana-hambana ka hina regulate and monitor their use of official.... Against the back of south africa official languages xhosa Bantu language and means “ the angry men ” be reproduced,,! The mouth the spelling of Venda is also heard in Johannesburg and Western! It, united in our diversity site is not affiliated with any government entity with. No appropriate term for one ’ s ‘ mother-tongue ’ because one has to the! Dramatic Sani Pass is a challenging, but rewarding experience, bemanyene nangona bengafani South... Written consent of SouthAfrica.com handy dandy guide to all 11 official languages Sotho, isiNdebele... By many visitors to the Eastern Cape province one of those is English and many people it…! Citizens speak a first language that is not affiliated with any government entity associated a. And monitor their use of official languages we would say the 12th should Slang!