It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae.The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. " It has a mucilaginous (somewhat "slimy") texture, similar to okra, when cooked. Flower: 0.5cm, yellow to pale yellow (Corchorus capsularis) and 1.0cm, green or colored (Corchorus olitorius). Corchorus capsularis is called White Jute and Corchorus olitorius is called Tossa Jute. Energy Assuming the fiber yields are 6% of green weight, annual green weight productivity ranges from 13 to 42 MT/ha, with genetic potential of 67 MT. Jute (Corchorus spp. Int J Pharmacol 2006;2:213-5. belong to the family Tiliaceae and commonly known as “Jute or Jew Mallow”. Introduction. Among more than 50 Corchorus species [2], only two (C. capsularis L. and C. olitorius L.) are grown com-mercially in subtropical and tropical regions [3]. In this study, we report genome size variations in Corchorus olitorius L. (Malvaceae s.l. Botanical Aspect :-Jute (Corchorus capsularis & Corchorus olitorius), Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) and Roselle (H. sabdariffa var. The in vitro antibacterial activity of Corchorus olitorius extracts. Jute (Corchorus spp.) 1. Corchorus olitorius is used mainly in the cuisines of southern Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa, Corchorus capsularis in Japan and China. is a bast (phloem) fiber plant in the Malvaceae family (previously, the Tiliaceae), which is second in importance to cotton for natural fiber production.Although there are more than 100 species in the genus Corchorus, two diploid (2n = 14) species, white jute (C. capsularis) and dark jute (C. olitorius), are cultivated as crops. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 1995;59:378-81. The methanol extract of Corchorus olitorius leaves was subjected to antioxidant activity using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl radical (DPPH) assay and Ferric Reducing Antioxidant power (FRAP) assay. Corchorus olitorius (Linn.) A suitable method for isolating quality DNA from two cultivated species of jute (Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius), which are rich in polysaccharides is described. Jute fi-bers have advantages such as good moisture absorption, Ovary: round (Corchorus capsularis) and elongated (Corchorus olitorius). Corchorus leaves are consumed in the cuisines of various countries. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. ), a crop species known for its morphological plasticity and broad geographical distribution, and Corchorus capsularis L., the second widely cultivated species in the genus. ABSTRACT A TALE OF TWO CORCHORUS SPECIES: JUTE AND ITS SUBSTITUTES IN COMMERCIAL GOODS By Barbara Leahy Fallon Natural fibers from jute (Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius) are common in commodities such as cordage, sacking, and textiles. Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. 30. altissima) are vegetable bast fibre plants next to cotton in importance.In the trade there are usually two names of jute, White and Tossa. Differences between Corchorus capsularis and Corchorus olitorius Contents1 Intercultural operation in agriculture1.1 Weeding 1.2 Mulching 1.2.1 Types … Seed yields run 200-350 kg/ha, usually lower in C. olitorus than in capsularis. Duration: 3-4 months (Corchorus capsularis) and 4-5 months (Corchorus olitorius). ), belonging to the Malvaceae family, is an important natural fiber crop, second only to cotton [1]. DOI PubMed; 31. Characterization of an acidic polysaccharide isolated from the leaves of Corchorus olitorius (Moroheiya). Rice yielded 5650 kg/ha following the intercropping and, potatoes yielded 13,600 kg/ha following the rice (ICAR, 1973). Ohtani K, Okai K, Yamashita U, Yuasa I, Misaki A. Long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, threads... Jew Mallow ” seed yields run 200-350 kg/ha, usually lower in C. olitorus in. The intercropping and, potatoes yielded 13,600 kg/ha following the rice ( ICAR, 1973 ) used make... It has a mucilaginous ( somewhat `` slimy '' ) texture, similar to okra, when cooked fi-bers. In the cuisines of various countries flower: 0.5cm, yellow to difference between corchorus capsularis and corchorus olitorius yellow Corchorus... -Jute ( Corchorus olitorius ) somewhat `` slimy '' ) texture, similar okra. Malvaceae family, is an important natural fiber crop, second only to cotton [ 1.! To the family Tiliaceae and commonly known as “ jute or Jew Mallow ” 1973.. 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