g) Polyester is a natural fibre. Silk fibre is obtained from the cocoons of the silk moth and is used for making high quality dress material. Silk cotton is obtained from kapok tree. 31. 6. Synthetic fibres are man-made fibres and are not obtained from any plant and animal sources. a) Yarn is made from fibres. Conversion of Yarn to Fabric Next, the cotton fibres are separated from the seeds by combing them. History of clothing Example: Cotton, Jute, coir, and linen. After people began to settle in agricultural communities. Wool and silk are obtained from animals and cotton and jute are obtained from plants. The stems of jute plants are soaked in water for a few days until they start rotting. Example: Cotton, jute, silk, wool, etc. 5. Answer. Thousands of years ago, people learned how to obtained fibres from wildplants. The fibres of some fabrics such as cotton, jute, silk and wool are obtained from plants and animals. Fabrics like khadi are made by spinning yarn on hand-operated devices like charkhas and taklis. b.Animal fibres: Man made fibres formed by chemical methods is called synthetic fibres. Earlier, ginning was done by hand, but nowadays, a machine is used. are examples of fabrics. Machines are used for spinning yarn on a large scale. The charkha was both a tool and a symbol of the Indian independence movement. Solved Papers For example, cotton from cotton bolls, jute from jute plant, silk from cocoon of silkworm and wool from hair of … Q4. We hope the given CBSE Class 6 Science Notes Chapter 3 Fibre to Fabric Pdf free download will help you. ( ) f) Silk fibre is obtained from the stem of a plant. They leant to weave twigs and grass into mats and baskets. Ramie fibres are used inthe production of canvas, sewing threads, fishing nets, and parachutes. Ginning of cotton was previously done by hand but these daysmachines called cotton gins are used for this purpose. Then, the stem of such harvest plant are immersed in water for a few days so that they rot. 6. Ans: 1.T 2. | | This process is called picking. In ancient days, stitching was not known and people simply draped the fabrics around different parts of their body Even today, Saree, dhoti, lungi or turbanis used unstitched. When people settled down as farmers, they used woven vines and animal fleece as clothes. Q 5. Khadi may also include silk and wool, which is why it is cool in summers and it also provides warmth in winters. https://www.studyadda.com NCERT class 6 science chapter 3 deals with the various processes involved in the making of fabric from fibre. Notes Fibres obtained from animal sources are called animal, Cotton fibre is obtained from cotton plants that grow in black. are obtained from natural sources, i.e. Answer: Fibres are the loose threads. obtained from the stem of the jute plant. plants and animals. Clothes are made of different types of materials. While knitting, a single yarn is used to make a piece of fabric. Some historians are of the opinion that the Egyptians had cotton as early as 14,000 years ago. 1. | In India, jute is grown in West Bengal, Bihar and Assam. Ropes, basket, door mat, Mattress etc. ( ) d) The process of removing seed from cotton is called ginning. are separated by hand from the rotting stems. Ans : Fibres that are obtained from nature, i.e., from plants and animals are called natural fibres and those made by humans by chemical methods are known as synthetic fibres. Cotton clothes are therefore, comfortable to wearespecially in hot, humid weather. For knitting, a single yam is used to make a piece of fabric. Knitting is done by hands and also on machines. Not just jute, even cotton, silk and other fibres are spun to convert them into yarn. To know different sources to get fibers, 4. We wear clothes to protect our body against heat, cold, rain, dust and insects. Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, knitting, weaving, embroidery, and rope making. The device used for weaving is called looms. Question 4: From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained? During summer we should wear loose fitting clothes to keep our body cool.People living in cold countries wear woolen clothes like -coats, jerseys, socks, caps etc. Between the 12th and 14th centuries, dual-roller gene appeared in India and China. They are of the size of a lemon. The looms are either hand operated called handlooms or power operated called power looms. Spinning of yarn on a large scale is also done by machines, For making fabric from yam following two processes are used. In India cotton is sown between May and September in different parts of the country. Cotton Fibres: Cotton fibre is obtained from cotton plants that grow in black soil in a warm climate. | Dark coloured clothes are worn in winters because they absorb heat and warm quickly. From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained? Key raw materials to make Khadi-the fabric that was the heart of Mahatma Gandhi’s Freedom movement. Plant fibres are obtained from the fruits and stem of the plant. (a) Plant fibers are obtained from cotton and jute. Why Studyadda? and is used for making winter clothes. Nylon and polyester on the other hand are prepared artificially and are therefore synthetic fibres. Explain the process of making yarn from the fibre. NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 4 Fibres, Fabric And Clothing are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. | The traditional clothes worn by people in our countryvary considerably from region to region.. People living in hot countries wear light clothing. People started using sheep for wool about 6000 years ago. Silk cotton is obtained from kapok tree. Synthetic fibres are not obtained from plants or animals. Plant fibres are obtained from plants such as cotton, jute etc. At the same time we wear clothes to look good. The stemsrot and then fibres are separated by hand. Hemp fibres are used in the production of ropes, carpets, nets, clothes, and paper. Study Packages Cotton fibres are then combed, straightened and form rope like strands calledsilver. Recap. Wool and silk are obtained from animals and cotton and jute are obtained from plants. This process of making yarn from fibre is called spinning. In India, the states of Maharashtra (26.63%), Gujarat (17.96%) and Andhra Pradesh (13.75%) and also Madhya Pradesh are the leading cotton producing states, these states have a predominantly tropical wet and dry climate. He encouraged people to wear self spun clothes and reject the cloth made in Britain. Q 6. View Answer. e) Weaving of yarn makes a piece of fabric. There are two types of coir: brown fibre,(from ripe coconut) and finer white fibre (from raw coconut). Jute plant is normally harvested when it is at flowering stage. Aftermaturing cotton bolls open and we can easily see the seeds covered with cotton fibres. This results in cooling down of the body. Example: Nylon, Polyester and Acrylic. That is why many of us want towear clothes that are in fashion.People in different regions of the world weardifferent kinds of clothes the kind of clothes people wear mainly depends onthe climate of the place. | (2) Jute: From stem of jute plant. For the conversion of yarn to fabric two main processes are used. The fibres obtained from plants and animals are called natural fibres For Ex: Cotton from cotton balls, jute from jute plant, silk from cocoon of silkworm and from hair of … b) Animals fibres are silk and wool. Jute fibre is obtained from stem of the jute plants. Then the fibres are separated by hand from the rotting stems. have been obtained, they are made into yarn by twisting the strands together. Hand loom                             Power loom. Hemp fibres are obtained from the stem of the hemp plant. It is called taldi. | Cotton, sisal, flax jute, ramie, coir and hemp are examples of plant fibres.Theyhave more extensive use than animal fibres. ... 18. The jute plant is generally harvested when it is in the flowering stage. Q13: Name two fibres obtained from animals. Plant/vegetable fibers are obtained from plant sources such as cotton which is obtained from the seed of the cotton plant and jute which is obtained from the jute plant's stem, from the outer covering of … It is made up of fibres. In India, cotton is grown in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil … Jute fibre is. Jute is cultivated during the rainy season. Advantage of cotton is that the sweat it absorbs evaporates. Q.5. Ginning of cotton: It refers to the process of separation of cotton fibres fromthe seeds. In India, cotton is grown in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh. plants and animals. Types of Fibres, Fibre to Fabric, Class 6. Fabrics are materials made from weaving, knitting, spinning fibres together. When India was a colony of Britain, Indian cotton was shipped toBritain and the Indians had to buy it back as fabric. To study different plants, animal and synthetic fibers, 5. Often the fibres are spun or wound together to form a thread before beingmade into a fabric. Videos The fruits of this tree contain fibres. Ramie. Synthetic fibres: Nylon, Polyester, Acrylic etc. b) Animals fibres are _____ and _____ . The basic necessities for human beings are food, shelter and clothing. These are made from chemical substances. A piece of cloth produced by weaving or knitting fibres is called fabric. Hemp fibres are obtained from the stem of the hemp plant. Next, the cotton. They protect us from insect bite and they make us look good. Hemp plants growbest in loamy soil. Why do we wear different clothes in different seasons? This is known as ginning. 3 sec, OTP has been sent to your mobile number and is valid for one hour, The earliest versions of the cotton gin consisted of a single roller made of iron or wood and a flat piece of stone or wood. Hemp fibre is obtained from the stems of hemp plant. The process of arranging two sets of yams together to make a fabric is calledweaving. 5.Question.Name two items that are made from coconut fiber ? Example: Wool and Silk. Q6. The thin strands of thread clothes are made up of still thinner strands called fibres. The cotton fibres are collected by hand from the ripe cotton bolls. India and Sri Lanka aremajor producers of coir. Silkworms are fed on the leaves of the mulberry trees. Flax Fibres obtained from the stem of the flax plant are woven to make a fabric called linen. In Egypt, in ancient times, cotton as well as flax were cultivated near river Nile. Different types of needles are used for knitting purpose. China, India, U.S., Pakistan, Brazil are top five producers of the cotton in the world. 4.Question. Silk cotton is used commonly used as stuffing in pillows, sleeping bags and life jackets. The stem of the plant gives silk fibre. Synthetic fibre: The fibre which are synthesized in industry from simple chemicals obtained from petroleum are called synthetic fibre. | Rayon, nylon and Dacron are examples of synthetic fibres. Cotton and jute are examples of fibres obtained from plants. c) Jute is the outer covering of coconut. Fabrics are woven on looms. These are called natural fibres. Examples include cotton, hemp, jute, flax, ramie, sisal, and bagasse, etc. These looms may be operated by power or by hand. This process of making yarn from fibre is called spinning. Weaving View Answer. Plant fibres are obtained from various parts of plants, such as the seeds (cotton, kapok, milkweed), stems (flax, jute, hemp, ramie, kenaf, nettle, bamboo), and leaves (sisal, manila, abaca), fruit (coir) and other grass fibres. Q14: Where is cotton wool grown? Class 6 Science Fibre Fabric. NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 3 Fibre to Fabric is given here in a simple and easy to understand way. About Ques 5: Name two items that are made from coconut fibre. Cotton Bolls ... Plant fibres are obtained from__jute__ and _cotton_ . Here students get acquainted with the different fibres obtained … Name two items that are made from coconut fibre. are spun to convert them into yarn. Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 6 Science Chapter 3 Fibre to Fabric with Answers Pdf free download. A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds. To get cotton yam, fibres from a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. That is why, if you pull a single yarn from a torn woolen garment, it keeps unraveling. f) Silk fibre is obtained from the stem of a plant. ( ) e) Weaving of yarn makes a piece of fabric. The process of turning cotton fibre into the fabric. 4. The earliest written reference to cotton is in India. In weaving process the vertical threads are called the warp and the horizontal threads are the weft or filling. FAQ Copyright © 2007-2020 | Vines, animal fleece or hair were twisted together into long strands. Answer: Ropes, Mattress, Door-mat. Between the 12. Warp and Weft Yarns In weaving cloth, the warp is the set of lengthwise yarns that are held on a frame or loom. Bangladesh with -25% lies at second position followed by China with -3%. Coconut fibre can be woven into fabric called coir. d) The process of removing seed from cotton is called ginning. In the beginning of civilisation, people used bark, leaves and animal fur as clothes. Example-rayon, nylon. Cotton, wool, silk etc. Plant fibres are obtained from which parts of the plant? ... 30. fibre is obtained from the stem of the jute plant. Class 6 Chemistry Fibre to Fabric: Jute: Jute. Natural fibres: Some fibres like cotton, jute, wool and silk are obtained from animals and plants. The basic necessities for human beings are food, shelter and clothing. In India, cotton is grown in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh. Jute fibre is obtained from the stem of the jute plant. Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 6 Science Food Fibre to Fabric These fibres are light and fluffy. It is mostly used to make ropes, carpets, clothes and papers and nets. Cotton is a soft fibre that is obtained from cotton plant. Previous. Name the different Properties that materials have? | Fabrics like khadi are made by spinning yarn on hand-operated devices like charkhas and taklis. Ans. | Answer: Cotton is obtained from the fruits of the cotton plant, called cotton balls. Answer: Cotton is obtained from the fruits of the cotton plant, called cotton balls. Plant fibres are obtained from plants and are also called cellulosic fibres. In those times, people just draped the fabric to cover themselves. SOLUTION: Ropes and doormats are made from coconut fibre. In India, jute is cultivated in West Bengal, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh and Tripura. Class 6 Science Solved Q&A. It is obtained from stem of juteplant. It indicates that people began to weave fabrics around 8000 BC. They have less air spaces in them than natural fibres they also cannot absorbsweat easily.These properties make them unsuitable for hot and humid weather. | In ancient times people used bark and big leaves of trees or animal skins andfurs to cover themselves. Cotton is generally grown in such places that have black soil and warm climate. Clothes made from synthetic fibres are strong and do not wrinkle easily. Itcan be an effective substitute for plastic bags. Hence, they are natural fibres. ( ) Even today, in older cultures like India, you see people wearing unstitched garments like turbans, saris and dhotis. In this lesson we provide answers for almost all questions that can be asked from this chapter. | The knitting machine was invented in 1589 (during the reign of Queen Elizabeth) by William Lee, a clergyman. Machines are used for spinning yarn on a large scale. From which part of the plant jute fibre is obtained? The fruits ofcotton plant are called cotton bolls. Q6: From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained? | Animal fibres are obtained from animals. Purchase Courses Jute is a natural fiber with golden silky shine, and hence nicknamed as the Golden Fibre. (b) Animals fibres are silk and wool . India with overall of -66% of world’s production tops the production of jute. Free Videos, Contact Us The first power loom was designed in 1784 by Edmund Cartwright and first built in 1785. What is oil lamps wick made of? Write few items that are made from coconut fibre. Privacy Policy Clothes guard our body from external environment. Earlier, ginning was done by hand, but nowadays, a machine is used. Jute is cultivated during the rainy season. Sample Papers Wool is obtained from the hair of sheep, yak etc. | Answer: a) Plant fibres are obtained from jute and cotton. The bolls are full of seeds and cotton fibre. Example: Cotton, flax, hemp, jute, and ramie. From which parts of the plant, cotton and jute are obtained SOLUTION: Cotton is obtained from the seed bolls called cotton bolls of the plant and jute is obtained from stem of the jute plant. b) Animals fibres are silk and wool. (a) Plant fibres are obtained from cotton and jute . The earliest versions of the cotton gin consisted of a single roller made of iron or wood and a flat piece of stone or wood. a) Plant fibres are obtained from_____ and _____ . To study different types of clothing materials, 2. Gandhi promoted spinningas an act of independence. (b) Animals fibers are silk and wool. Hence, they are natural fibres. Questions Bank Another important plant fibre is hemp. The cotton plant bears fruits about the size of a lemon, called cotton bolls. Animal fibres: Fibres obtained from animal sources are called animal fibres. Charkha: It is also a hand operated device used for spinning of cotton. 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