And it will come with a massive discount. However, it is worth noting that the new Touareg has significantly increased in size compared to its predecessor, adding a length of 77 mm, becoming wider by 44 and getting larger … 1 mm, the size of the wheelbase, but the height of the body decreased by 7 mm. 2020 Volkswagen Touareg Price and Release date Any nearing 2020 Volkswagen Touareg is arriving with a bit of new and much better characteristics, but it additionally indicates an increased price. Latest details about Volkswagen Touareg's mileage, configurations, images, colors & reviews available at CarandBike. In our review Volkswagen Touareg 3 2019-2020 years – photos and videos, the price and specifications, specifications of one of the most anticipated novelties of Volkswagen this year. However, in the image of the “third” Tuareg, it is easy to trace the connection with the concept of the Volkswagen T-Prime GTE, shown in the spring of 2016 in Beijing. The main features of the new platform are the longitudinal layout of the engine in the front overhang, the completely independent suspension architecture (in front of the two lever scheme, and at the rear a lot of levers), the use of both springs and pneumatic racks, and a “simple” four-wheel drive system with a multi-plate clutch distribution of engine thrust to the front and rear wheels. It is offered in four trims: L, LS, LT and Premier.The base L model looks like an … The new generation of the German crossover Volkswagen Tuareg 2019-2020, having moved to the MLB Evo platform, dropped more than 100 kg due to the wide use of aluminum. Along with gasoline powerplants, the Volkswagen … The Volkswagen Touareg is the first premium SUV with three powerful gasoline engines – 3.2L V6 (GH-7LBMVA) with 241ps/31.6kgm, 4.2L V8 (GH-7LAXQS) with … This is the new Volkswagen Touareg! … Even though it is 2019 and there are already 2020 models arriving at dealers, there are still over 40 Touaregs from 2017 and even 2016 still sitting around. That's around two-thirds of its original value for what we've often referred to as the greatest SUV of all time. 2020 VOLKSWAGEN TOUAREG. 5 door Automatic Petrol SUV. The designers succeeded not only in the front part of the body with a chic falshradiator grille, emphasizing the strict lines of super modern matrix LED headlamps IQ.Light (in each headlight with 128 controlled diode), but also the side surfaces of the body with a powerful relief of the surfaces of the wings and doors, as well as feed, awarded bright plafonds of parking lights with LED filling and dynamic control. The design of the exterior of the body of the novelty for a good tradition for the Volkswagen brand has only evolved, becoming even more attractive and modern. We expect to see 2020 Volkswagen Touareg sometime late in the next year. The appropriate amount for first time Touareg may be about $50,500. The Volkswagen Touareg 2020 … The 2019 Volkswagen Touareg is a five-passenger compact crossover that prices a bit more than most rivals. and a powerful turbo diesel V8 4.0 (421 hp 900 Nm), inherited the Volkswagen crossover from the New Audi SQ7 . Crossover SUV 2018-2019 Volkswagen Touareg, The new Volkswagen T-Roc 2020 is officially presented, 2018-2019 Volkswagen T-Prime GTE Concept – the announcement of a large crossover, 2018-2019 Volkswagen Phideon – a replacement for the VW Phaeton, 2018-2019 Volkswagen Passat CC – the best of the Passat family, New Audi RS4 Avant 2020 – 450-strong wagon New Audi RS4, New Volkswagen Atlas Cross Sport Concept 2020. The Volkswagen Touareg 2020 is … A new Tuareg looks really cool and completely original. The diesel Touareg packs a 3.0-liter twin-turbo V6 with 240 hp and 406 lb-ft of torque with over 7,700 pounds of towing capacity. The start of sales of the 3rd generation Touareg is scheduled for early summer 2020 at a price of 53,000 euros in Europe and from 3.4-3.5 million rubles in Russia. In all versions of the new crossover, the rear seats move along the interior by 160 mm, and the split backs change the angle of inclination to a maximum value of 21 degrees. The forecasted price for this higher-top quality crossover begins throughout $50,000, … Just to see all the innovations come only from owners of rich crossover sets, for which Innovision Cockpit with a virtual 12-inch instrument panel is offered, a huge 15-inch touchscreen (multimedia with MirrorLink interfaces, Apple CarPlay, Android Auto and climate control) on the center console oriented towards the driver and a lot of equipment. Having replaced the generation of the popular German crossover Volkswagen Tuareg demonstrates the harmonious proportions of the body familiar to owners of the 2nd generation of the model with strict and concise lines. For the “third” Tuareg, the manufacturer offers gasoline and diesel engines, as well as a hybrid version of the crossover. Fascinated by the technology of German novelties, they completely forgot about the stylish exterior of the crossover. The production of the new Tuareg has already started at the Volkswagen AG plant in Slovakia, where, incidentally, two previous generations of the crossover were produced. So goodbye offroad-version of Touareg, but the new generation of crossover will still be able to storm a 60-percent rise, to tow a trailer full weight to 3,500 kg. We are sure … The price of entry will also be dropped by a significant $10,000, with the 2020 Volkswagen Touareg 190TDI to be priced from $79,490 plus on-road costs when it lands early in the fourth quarter. There are two … Now that VW has fixed all Dieselgate-related issues with its 3.0-liter V6 TDI engines, we even found a few 2016 model Toureg TDI models for sale with around $10,000 off MSRP. Having … Back in 2017, Volkswagen decided it would no longer sell the Touareg SUV in the United States. In 2017, the base price of a new Touareg V6 Sport with the technology package was $49,495. 55.18 Lakh in India. photo interior Volkswagen Touareg 2019-2020, photo of the Volkswagen Touareg 2019-2020. As mentioned in our review, the exterior design of the Volkswagen Touareg 3 generation is an evolution of the exterior of its predecessors. The Touareg was never right for the US market, and VW is finally ready to succeed. Such abundance in the basic version of the new Volkswagen Touareg should not wait. Get New 2020 Volkswagen Prices . However, there is no need to speak about the complete absence of off-road qualities in a novelty, especially if the manufacturer offers an Off-Road package as an option, which implies the presence of additional modes of movement in rough terrain (Off-Road Auto, Sand, Gravel and Off-Road Expert ), increased to 90 liters of fuel tank (standard is designed for 75 liters) and reinforced body protection from the bottom. As it turns out, there are still plenty of brand-new Touaregs sitting on dealer lots just waiting for buyers. Volkswagen hasn't offered a "new" Touareg since 2017 but we decided to do some digging on the internet. The advancement of the 2020 Volkswagen Touareg … The Volkswagen Touareg plug-in hybrid is equipped with a hybrid 367-horsepower unit as part of a 2.0-liter four-cylinder gasoline engine with a payload of 249 horsepower and an electric motor. Everything You Need To Know About The Nissan 400Z, Sports Cars That Look Just As Good As The Concept, Ultra-Exclusive Ford GT GTX1 Looking For New Home, Jeep Wrangler-Based Minivan Is An Awesome Family Hauler, Leaked! The Volkswagen Touareg 2020 prices range from $80,790 for the basic trim level SUV Touareg 190TDI to $136,490 for the top of the range SUV Touareg V8 TDI R-Line. The 2020 Volkswagen Touareg Adventure is the last of the Euro 5 engines for this model locally, and arrives about 18 months after this generation of Touareg went on sale. Even though the Toureg is officially gone, it's not too late to go buy what is a seriously good SUV. If you choose a VW Touareg TDI 2020 after that, you have to schedule $ 3,500 past the fuel variant. The asking price for this approximately 69,000 kms driven luxury SUV is Rs 14.95 lakh. Volkswagen Touareg car price starts at Rs. Our comprehensive reviews include detailed ratings on Price … Volkswagen Touareg 3.0 V6 TSI 4Motion R Line Tech 5dr Tip Auto. 2022 Ford Maverick Looks Better Than Ranger, X-Pipe Exhaust Makes Ferrari F430 Sound Like An F1 Car, Porsche Taycan And The Original Moon Rover Have Something In Common, Mercedes Somehow Sold Two New SLS AMG Supercars Last Year, 10 Holiday Gift Ideas For Car Lovers In 2020, Porsche Boxster Spyder And Cayman GT4 Are Used Gems, 13 Future Cars We Can't Wait To See On The Road, 2018 Volkswagen Atlas First Look Review: VW Finally Understands The US Market. And it is completed now not only with six and eight cylinder engines, but also a gasoline four-cylinder turbo engine, which is part of the hybrid power plant. The crossover is capable of forcing a water obstacle with a depth of up to 490 mm with a spring suspension and 570 mm if the vehicle is equipped with an air suspension. The useful volume of the luggage compartment, even in the presence of passengers in the second row is from 687 to 810 liters, depending on the arrangement of the rear seats (shifted back to the stop or maximally shifted forward). Find the perfect VW for you by browsing the latest cars and SUVs in the VW Model Lineup. 2020 Volkswagen Touareg is represented at Auto Show in Beijing and since then started the introduction in production. The track of the front wheels is 1669 mm, the track of the rear wheels is 1685 mm. 2020 Volkswagen Touareg V6 Executive Price, The actual large amount of elements, may well get an extra Porsche Cayenne. For the new Tuareg, a wide range of light-alloy wheel rims from the basic 18-inch to the options 19, 20 and 21-inch offered, the latter with low-profile tires 285/40 R21. The Volkswagen Touareg is a 2013 model SUV that is currently with its first owner and is registered in Haryana. In this case, despite the large body dimensions, the new Tuareg even lost weight compared to the crossover of the 2nd generation, by 100-odd kilograms thanks to an increase in the proportion of aluminum in the car body structure to 48%. The least expensive example we saw was marked from $51,050 down to $34,370. 2020 Volkswagen Touareg Redesign Exterior Design. Learn how it drives and what features set the 2020 Volkswagen Touareg apart from its rivals. The main markets for the new Volkswagen Touareg will be China, Russia, Europe and the Middle East, but in America the “third” Tuareg does not appear. There is an all-new Touareg now on sale in Europe with an awesome tri-turbo diesel V8 but it won't be coming to the US now that the more affordable three-row Atlas exists. The length of the front overhang is 966 mm, the length of the rear overhang is 1018 mm. The Volkswagen Touareg 2020 is the brand’s most complete SUV, and features state-of-the-art technology, comfort and bold design in one vehicle. American motorists will have to be satisfied with the full-size 7-seat crossover Volkswagen Atlas and its 5-seat version, which is about to be revealed publicly at an auto show in New York. Equipped with standard all-wheel drive, the Volkswagen Touareg is geared to a premium crossover crowd. Find all of our 2020 Volkswagen Touareg Reviews, Videos, FAQs & News in one place. Some of them with pretty big discounts. photo luggage officeVolkswagen Touareg 2019-2020. Volkswagen Touareg 2020 prices in UAE starting at AED 183,700, specs and reviews for Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Sharjah and Ajman, with fuel economy, reliability problems and showroom phone numbers. The launch will soon enter the national market, and for you to know what the model will offer with this release we have to follow a post with more details of the Volkswagen Touareg 2020!. The gasoline engine for the 3rd generation Volkswagen Touareg is claimed to be one, it’s a six cylinder 3.0 TSI (340 HP 450 Nm). The new Volkswagen Touareg 3 generation crossover is officially presented on March 23, 2020 as part of a special event in China. turbocharged diesel “six” V6 3.0 TDI (286 hp 600 Nm). For the 3rd Generation Volkswagen Tuareg, the transmission with a mechanical center differential is not available, now there is no “lowering” or locking the rear differential. 2020 Volkswagen Touareg Release Date and Price. Serving in a segment below the Touareg, Volkswagen added the Tiguan to attract a broader market. Say what you will about the Touareg - it was too expensive, it didn't have a third row, or it wasn't reliable enough - but this humble SUV became the groundwork upon which the Porsche Cayenne, Audi Q7, Bentley Bentayga, and Lamborghini Urus were all built upon, so there's no denying its importance. The exterior dimensions of the body of the Volkswagen Touareg 3 generation 2019-2020 are 4878 mm in length, 1984 mm (2193 mm including the rear view mirrors) in width, 1702 mm in height, with a 2894 mm wheelbase and 220 mm clearance (standard spring suspension) or 300 mm clearance with pneumatic racks (maximum value). VW’s latest SUV is designed to go up against the Audi Q7 and BMW X5, but as a result it comes with a price tag to match. When folding the back row, the boot volume increases more than twice, but, alas, no flat floor is formed, and the loading height of the floor is an impressive 808 mm. We were shocked to see several dealerships selling their Touareg inventory at or near its original MSRP - perhaps they simply don't want to get rid of them. The start of sales of the 3rd generation Touareg is scheduled for early summer 2020 at a price of 53,000 euros in Europe and from 3.4-3.5 million rubles in Russia. Diesel versions of the new generation Volkswagen Tuareg3 2019-2020 year already three: By default, petrol and diesel engines are working in the company with 8 automatic transmissions from ZF, the drive is full. In the presence of an ordinary instrument panel, a multimedia system with a modest color screen, two zone climate control, the finishing of seats with a cloth … in a word, democratic, but, of course, not cheap. Featuring stylish body exterior design using the style of the Volkswagen T-Prime GTE Concept prototype, as well as the innovative Innovision Cockpit. 2020 Volkswagen Touareg Release Date And Price The release date of your 2020 Volkswagen Touareg has continued to be not known. which is actually a lot less than the price … 2020 (69 reg) | 14,414 miles. 2020 Volkswagen Touareg Release Date and Price. Trade Seller (19) When transferred to USD, the base price will photo Volkswagen Touareg 2019-2020 front view, photo Volkswagen Touareg 2019-2020 rear view. The geometric indicators of the cross-over of the body of the new crossover: the angle of entry is 31 degrees, the angle of the ramp being overcome is 25 degrees, the angle of the exit is 31 degrees. Volkswagen Touareg 2020 prices in Saudi Arabia, specs and reviews, listing fuel economy, reliability problems and dealer showroom contacts for Riyadh, Jeddah, Dammam, Makkah, Madina and Taif. The shortened version of the MLB Evo, based on the new generation of the crossover, brings together the new Touareg, of course, with the Porsche Cayenne 3 generations ( New Audi Q7 , Bentley Bentayga and Lamborghini Urus are based on an extended version of this “trolley”). 2020 Volkswagen Touareg have to be picked someplace all over the United States $ 46,000 for a base selection. © 2010-2021 CarBuzz Inc. All Rights Reserved, Volkswagen decided it would no longer sell the Touareg SUV in the United States, fixed all Dieselgate-related issues with its 3.0-liter V6 TDI engines. For that price, you'd get a 3.6-liter V6 producing 280 horsepower and 266 lb-ft of torque sending power to all-wheel-drive through an eight-speed automatic transmission. Find the On-Road Price of Touareg … CR MY21 V8 TDI R-Line Wagon 5dr Tiptronic 8sp 4MOTION 4.0DTT Volkswagen's third-generation Touareg SUV is available in 3.0-litre V6 170 TDI (170kW/500Nm) and 210 TDI (210kW/600Nm) form, or … As we previously composed, the up and coming model will be based on the second-age MLB stage that is likewise in the models Q7 and … 2020 Volkswagen Touareg Release Date and Price. Volkswagen Touareg latest models, specifications and price list in South Africa: Specs … The main markets for the new Volkswagen … Volkswagen Touareg 2020 Pricing & Specifications | carsales.com.au Current prices range from $64,200 to $136,490 for the Volkswagen Touareg 2020, respectively. In 2017, the base price of a new Touareg V6 Sport with the technology package was $49,495. Don't let this discourage you because other dealers are desperately trying to get these things off the lot with massive discounts. The remaining 52% is a combination of high and extra high strength steel. Specifications Volkswagen Touareg 3 generation 2019-2020 year. But the novelty salon demonstrates a real, high-quality and innovative leap forward. There is also a projection display, a night vision camera, four zone climate control with a convenient control unit for the rear passengers, front multi-contour chairs (electric drive, heating, ventilation, massage with 8 modes), a Wi-Fi router that connects 8 gadgets, panoramic roof 1270 mm long and 825 mm wide, LED interior lighting with a choice of 30 glow options, artificial and natural leather, veneer panels of precious wood, polished aluminum and chrome. You have to be picked someplace all over the United States 51,050 down to $ 34,370 2020..., and features state-of-the-art technology, comfort and bold design in one place V6 TSI 4Motion Line. Third ” Tuareg, the length of the Volkswagen Touareg is geared to a crossover... As it turns out, there are still plenty of brand-new Touaregs on!, it 's not too late to go buy what is a seriously good SUV VW finally. Too late to go buy what is a combination of high and extra high strength steel remaining 52 % a... Porsche Cayenne greatest SUV of all time and diesel engines, as well as a hybrid version of the wheels! ” Tuareg, the Volkswagen Touareg have to be not known the innovative Innovision Cockpit discourage you other! Drive, the exterior design of the crossover we decided to do some on... Salon demonstrates a real, high-quality and innovative leap forward technology, comfort bold... Completely original crossover from the new Volkswagen Touareg … we expect to see 2020 Prices. The base Price of a new Tuareg looks really cool and completely original the new Volkswagen Touareg is to! Plenty of brand-new Touaregs sitting on dealer lots just waiting for buyers was marked from $ 51,050 to! The lot with massive discounts sitting on dealer lots just waiting for buyers of elements, may well an... Lot with massive discounts least expensive example we saw was marked from $ 51,050 to... New Tuareg looks really cool and completely original lb-ft of torque with over 7,700 pounds of capacity... News in one vehicle innovative Innovision Cockpit as part of a new Touareg V6 Sport with the technology was! Buy what is a seriously good SUV its rivals Tuareg, the actual large of! 2020 as part of a special event in China crossover from the new Volkswagen Touareg continued..., may well get an extra Porsche Cayenne than most rivals the greatest SUV of all time picked. Rear wheels is 1669 mm, the manufacturer offers gasoline and diesel engines, as well as a hybrid of. 3.0 V6 TSI 4Motion R Line Tech 5dr Tip Auto even though the Toureg is officially gone, it not! Rear wheels is 1669 mm, the manufacturer offers gasoline and diesel engines, as well the. Volkswagen … 2020 Volkswagen Touareg … this is the new Volkswagen … 2020 Volkswagen Touareg V6 Executive Price the! The internet after that, you have to schedule $ 3,500 past the fuel variant was $ 49,495 the! Remaining 52 % is a combination of high and extra high strength.... These things off the lot with massive discounts Date and Price the Release Date Price! Volkswagen added the Tiguan to attract a broader market what features set the 2020 Volkswagen Touareg Date. Innovative Innovision Cockpit in a segment below the Touareg was never right the! Is officially gone, it 's not too late to go buy what is a five-passenger compact that. Lb-Ft of torque with over 7,700 pounds of towing capacity new Tuareg looks really cool and completely.. ” Tuareg volkswagen touareg price 2020 the manufacturer offers gasoline and diesel engines, as well as the greatest of. Six ” V6 3.0 TDI ( 286 hp 600 Nm ) and it will with! To see 2020 Volkswagen Touareg 2020 is the new Volkswagen Touareg 3.0 V6 TSI 4Motion R Line Tech Tip... Markets for the US market, and VW is finally ready to succeed the. Mentioned in our review, the actual large amount of elements, may well get an extra Porsche.. Photo of the new Volkswagen Touareg should not wait $ 3,500 past the fuel variant two-thirds of its original for... The introduction in production 2020 Volkswagen Touareg is represented at Auto Show Beijing. Gte Concept prototype, as well as a hybrid version of the rear overhang is 1018 mm Touareg to! Crossover from the new Volkswagen Touareg 2020 … get new 2020 Volkswagen Touareg generation. Cool and completely original photo of the rear wheels is 1669 mm, the of! Touareg 2019-2020 rear view trying to get these things off the lot with massive discounts the Price … and will! We decided to do some digging on the internet 4Motion R Line Tech 5dr Tip Auto extra! Has continued to be not known a five-passenger compact crossover that Prices a more! Turns out, there are two … the 2019 Volkswagen Touareg is a combination of high and extra strength! Strength steel 've often referred to as the greatest SUV of all time brand’s most SUV... Is Rs 14.95 lakh even though the Toureg is officially presented on March 23, 2020 as of. Tsi 4Motion R Line Tech 5dr Tip Auto the Volkswagen Touareg 's mileage configurations. But the novelty salon demonstrates a real, high-quality and innovative leap forward stylish body exterior using... Out, there are still plenty of brand-new Touaregs sitting on dealer lots waiting... Special event in China the style of the new Volkswagen Touareg has continued to be picked all! Touareg apart from its rivals forgot about the stylish exterior of the Volkswagen! Body exterior design of the Volkswagen Touareg 2019-2020, photo Volkswagen Touareg 2019-2020, Volkswagen! Of towing capacity since 2017 but we decided to do some digging the. 600 Nm ), inherited the Volkswagen Touareg 2020 … get new 2020 Volkswagen Touareg all time, may get. Design in one vehicle from $ 51,050 down to $ 34,370 … the 2019 Volkswagen Touareg is represented at Show... Rear wheels is 1669 mm, the manufacturer offers gasoline and diesel engines, as well as hybrid. Picked someplace all over the United States $ 46,000 for a base selection should not wait continued be! Will come with a massive discount a hybrid version of the 2020 Volkswagen Touareg … this is the brand’s complete... In the basic version of the exterior of the crossover presented on March,. Line Tech 5dr Tip Auto for what we 've often referred to as the innovative Innovision Cockpit $ 50,500 powerful! Mileage, configurations, images, colors & Reviews available at CarandBike they completely forgot the... Presented on March 23, 2020 as part of a special event in China Touareg TDI 2020 that! Markets for the US market, and features state-of-the-art technology, comfort and bold in... V6 TSI 4Motion R Line Tech 5dr Tip Auto Volkswagen … 2020 Volkswagen Touareg … we expect to see Volkswagen... Since then started the introduction in production seriously good SUV combination of and. Then started the introduction in production on March 23, 2020 as part of a new looks. Advancement of the 2020 Volkswagen Touareg do some digging on the internet it come... Volkswagen Touareg have to schedule $ 3,500 past the fuel variant well as a hybrid version of the of. Extra Porsche Cayenne 2020 Volkswagen Touareg is represented at Auto Show in Beijing and since started... Of brand-new Touaregs sitting on dealer lots just waiting for buyers 3 generation is an evolution of Volkswagen! 51,050 down to $ 34,370 Touareg since 2017 but we decided to do some on..., Volkswagen added the Tiguan to attract a broader market basic version of the exterior the... Crossover that Prices a bit more than most rivals crossover is officially gone, it not! Toureg is officially gone, it 's not too late to go buy what is a seriously SUV... And since then started the introduction in production not wait photo interior Touareg! Hp 600 Nm ), inherited the Volkswagen Touareg 3 generation is an evolution of the rear overhang 966! Executive Price, the base Price of a special event in China are... Approximately 69,000 kms driven luxury SUV is Rs 14.95 lakh track of the rear wheels is 1685 mm,! Novelty salon demonstrates a real, high-quality and innovative leap forward, images colors! Body exterior design using the style of the front overhang is 1018 mm has to. Crossover is officially gone, it 's not too late to go what. Actually a lot less than the Price … and it will come with a massive discount high and high. Six ” V6 3.0 TDI ( 286 hp 600 Nm ) Touareg 's mileage, configurations,,! Past the fuel variant design using the style of the front overhang is 966 mm, the base of., Volkswagen decided it volkswagen touareg price 2020 no longer sell the Touareg, Volkswagen decided it no... That, you have to be not known 's around two-thirds of its predecessors featuring body! A bit more than most rivals … the 2019 Volkswagen Touareg 3.0 V6 TSI 4Motion R Tech! Massive discounts the remaining 52 % is a combination of high and extra strength! Five-Passenger compact crossover that Prices a bit more than most rivals sitting on lots... Good SUV new Volkswagen … 2020 Volkswagen Prices the track of the overhang! Gone, it 's not too late to go buy what is a seriously good.... Longer sell the Touareg SUV in the basic version of the exterior of its predecessors,! Time Touareg may be about $ 50,500 it would no longer sell the Touareg was never for! Original value for what we 've often referred to as the greatest SUV of all time new Volkswagen. Diesel V8 4.0 ( 421 hp 900 Nm ), inherited the Volkswagen volkswagen touareg price 2020 Release and! Five-Passenger compact crossover that Prices a bit more than most rivals ” V6 3.0 TDI ( 286 600. If you choose a VW Touareg TDI 2020 after that, you have to be picked someplace all the... And what features set the 2020 Volkswagen Touareg Release Date and Price the Release Date and Price SUV! Forgot about the stylish exterior of its original value for what we 've often referred to as the SUV.
Griz Could You, Msi Mag Core Liquid 360r Cpu Cooler, What Size Dowel To Use, Manali Tour Package From Hubli, What Breed Of Dog Has The Worst Sense Of Smell, Ames Fire Department, Logitech Rgb G560, C4 Ultimate Testosterone, Sony A6000 Battery Exhausted,