2. Others point out that there is a greater genetic variation in Africa and a larger number of wild species in the genus Corchorus. Jute (Corchorus spp.) Cultivated annual herb with linear-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, serrate leaves, with setaceous basal auricles; flowers in 1-2 together, yellow, up to 10 mm across; fruit depressed globose with scabrous ridges. is a bast (phloem) fiber plant in the Malvaceae family (previously, the Tiliaceae), which is second in importance to cotton for natural fiber production.Although there are more than 100 species in the genus Corchorus, two diploid (2n = 14) species, white jute (C. capsularis) and dark jute (C. olitorius), are cultivated as crops. Corchorus capsularis, chloroplasts, genetic markers, genetic variation, haplotypes, ... Taken together with archaeobotanical evidence, our results suggest that dark jute had its origin in equatorial region of east Africa, but was domesticated in India. The bark of C. capsularis and to a lesser extent that of C. olitorius constitute the chief source of the fibre jute, and these species are much cultivated in India and Bangladesh. Origins of white (Corchorus capsularis L.) and dark (C. olitorius L.) jute: a reevaluation based on nuclear and chloroplast microsatellites Un autre nom … Genet Resour Crop Evol (2016) 63:1103–1111 1111. Bangladesh, India and Pakistan are most important producer of jute fibre in the world. See more. Corchorus olitorius is used mainly in the cuisines of southern Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and West Africa, Corchorus capsularis in Japan and China. The fibre is obtained from the stems of two cultivated species of Corchorus, namely, C. Capsularis L. and C. olitorius L. It is mostly produced in Asian countries especially China, India and Bangladesh. The others were found wild in nature, but most of them are now extinct or in endemic condi-tion. Indian Academy of Sciences. The center of origin of white jute is said to be Indo-Burma including South China, and that of tossa Africa. Some foreign varieties of Corchorus capsularis like Halmahera, Jap Red and Jap G, unlike the Indian varieties, do not usually branch, as the axillary buds are normally absent in the axils of the leaves. The jute cultivation in every district of Bengal is spoken of as of modern origin. The study also showed that the organelle genetic groups of jute can be used to trace the parentage of modern Indian jute cultivars to one or two landraces cultivated in India about hundred years ago. Various phytochemical, mineral, and antioxidant potency properties of 30 genotypes belonging to Corchorus capsularis and Corchorus olitorius were evaluated in the current study. (Italiano) Corchorus olitorius. The suitable climate for growing jute (warm and wet) is offered by the monsoon climate, during the monsoon season. Crops 3:10–14. Some authorities consider that it comes from the Indo-Burmese area or from India, along with several other related species. Furthermore, FISH using the pachytene comple- Cultivated jute (Corchorus olitorius and C. capsularis; 2n = 14) ment provides information on the physical location of DNA produces vegetable fibres of commercial value that are mostly sequences. Origin: Indian Subcontinent. Leaves of Corchorus capsularis contained flavonoids, triterpenes, saponins, glucoside, capsularin which seems to be related to corchorin and steroids. Login | Create Account: Home About Us Browse by Year Browse by Subject Browse by Fellow Latest Items Advanced Search Submission Guidelines Repository Policies IRStats Help Contact Us. Use : It is one of the largest exported fibre material of India. It is unclear whether Corchorus olitorius originated in Africa or in Asia. Jute fiber is manufactured mostly from two commercially important species, namely White Jute (Corchours capsularis), and Tossa Jute (Corchorus olitorius). Origin and Development of Axillary Buds in Jute (Corchorus capsularis) BY B. C. KUNDU AND N. S. RAO {Jute Agricultural Research Institute , Barrackpore, India) With Plates XVI and XVII Abstract The bud initials are laid in the usual manner in the primordial meristem in the case of branching plants of Corchorus capsularis. La Corète potagère (Corchorus olitorius L.) est une espèce de plantes dicotylédones de la famille des Malvacées (anciennement rangée dans les Tiliaceae) originaire d'Inde [2].. Pl. Sequence archive. Temperatures from 20 to 40 °C (68–104 °F) and relative humidity of 70%–80% are favourable for successful cultivation. Il Molokhia o Malva di iuta (Corchorus olitorius L.) è una specie arbustiva appartenente alla famiglia delle Corchorus a genus of plants of the family Tiliaceae. Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). We could not support an Indo-Myanmar origin of white jute, and possibly it also originated in Africa, but was domesticated in Asia. Jute plants (Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis)The jute plant needs a plain alluvial soil and standing water. In one district its introduction is fixed at 1872, in another at 1865, in a third before the date of the British rule and in a fourth it is put down at 500 years ago. Jute (Corchorus capsularis and C.olitorius) ranks second in importance, next to cotton as a natural fibre and occupies important place in Indian economy. Primary center of origin and diversity of the wild taxa of Corchorus appears to be Africa. The results demonstrate that the range of total flavonoids and polyphenols was 3.04 to 13.66 mg rutin equivalent (RE)/g and 5.12 to 7.78 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/g DW, respectively. UniProtKB. Origin The primary centre of origin of C. olitorius is Africa with a secondary centre in India while C. capsular is originated from southern China. Corchorus capsularis: Origin: Originated in China but is now grown in Bangladesh and India, and found spread across much of tropical Africa: Shapes : Many seeded globose to globose-obovoid capsules, about 1 centimeter in diameter: Taste: Bitter: Health benefits: Beneficial for dysentery, fevers, dyspepsia liver disorders and helps to increase appetite. Bangladesh ranks second among the jute growing countries. UniParc. The base number of chromosomes in almost all the species of Corchorus is 7 (2n = 2x = 14).). Jute fibre is extracted from phloem tissue (bast or bark fibre) in the stem of Corchorus as against seed fibre in the case of cotton. Origins of white (Corchorus capsularis L.) and dark (C. olitorius L.) jute: A reevaluation based on nuclear and chloroplast microsatellites . It is an important cultivated commercial crop in Gangetic plains of India and Bangladesh. Corchorus olitorius is mainly used in dishes from Southeast Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and West Africa; Corchorus capsularis is instead consumed in Japan and China. In Southeast Asia cultivation as a fibre plant mainly occurs in Burma (Myanmar), Thailand and Vietnam. C. capsularis is a member of the Malvaceae family. The seeds are used as a condiment and herbal teas are made from the leaves. Son nom est parfois orthographié « corette » ou « corette potagère ». It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Protein knowledgebase. How Corchorus Capsularis is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. We could not support an Indo-Myanmar origin of white jute, and possibly it also originated in Africa, but was domesticated in Asia. The nine Corchorus Origins of white ( Corchorus capsularis L.) and dark ( C. olitorius L.) jute: a reevaluation based on nuclear and chloroplast microsatellites | SpringerLink 1753. BRANCHING characteristics of the vast majority of plants are not a desirable character in a fibre crop like jute. A new triterpine glycosides (capsin) and capsugenin 30-O-glucopyranoside were isolated from the leaves of Corchorus capsularis … jute Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius L. China’s Fiber. List of various diseases cured by Corchorus Capsularis. Origin and growing area. Names of Corchorus Capsularis in various languages of the world are also given. There are up to 40 species growing in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, America, and Australia. It is an annual erect herbaceous plant measures 1-2.5 m tall (up to 4 m in cultivation). It has a mucilaginous (somewhat "slimy") texture, similar to okra, when cooked. The seeds are used as a flavouring, and a herbal tea is made from the dried leaves. When cooked, it has a mucilaginous, almost slimy consistency, similar to okra. Introduction. Botanical Description. The centre origin of Corchorus capsularis is the Indo-Burman region, including southern China and Southeast Asia. Abstract. Jute definition, a strong, coarse fiber used for making burlap, gunny, cordage, etc., obtained from two East Indian plants, Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, of the linden family. 529. BRANCHING characteristics of the vast majority of plants are not a desirable character in a fibre crop like jute. The leaves The genus Corchorus belongs to the family Malvaceae (formerly Tiliaceae) and is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Origin and Area of cultivation: Jute is derived from the two cultivated species Corchorus capsularis Colittorius is of African origin whereas C. Capsularis, is believed to Indo- Burmaese origin. Help pages, FAQs, UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects. The high genetic association of C. capsularis organelle genetic groups with that of wild Corchorus suggests a possible African origin of C. capsularis. Origin C. olitorius o Primary origin – Africa o Secondary origin – India C. capsularis o Indo-Burma . Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "Corchorus capsularis" Flickr tag. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Corchorus Capsularis. We could not support an Indo-Myanmar origin of white jute, and possibly it also originated in Africa, but was domesticated in Asia. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Corchorus olitorius (Tossa jute). Help. Distribution Jute is an important industrial crop in Bangladesh. 123. In developing countries, the leaves are used as a medicine and also as food. Abstract. Corchorus capsularis (White jute). 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